Radicals damage the cells by reacting with cellular components. This damage is known as oxidation and could lead to an inflammatory reaction to the mobile and subsequent harm. The antioxidants within the mobile function to neutralize those free radicals circulating through our bodies.
There are two major types of antioxidants that work together in cells to decrease the damaging effects of radicals: 1 enzymatic and 2 non-enzymatic antioxidants.
- Enzymatic Antioxidants – Key antioxidant enzymes include superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidise, and catalyse. These enzymes are made in the cell and cannot be obtained through dietary supplementation.
- Non-Enzymatic Antioxidants – Crucial non-enzymatic antioxidants Include vitamins C and E, and b-carotene. These antioxidants are contained in many foods and may also be obtained through dietary supplements. Vitamins E and b-carotene protect cell membranes from radical damage. Vitamin C works in conjunction vitamin E to protect both fatty compounds and proteins from the cell from radical damage.
Exercise has its advantages but it also causes an increased production of free radicals. Intense exercise such as marathon running may lead to oxidation with following injury to skeletal muscles, especially in untrained individuals. This process also contributes to muscle fatigue during endurance event.
Reid and colleagues in the Lone Star Centers Journal of Clinical Investigation reported that N-acetyl cysteine pre-treatment could improve performance of human limb muscle during fatiguing exercise. They indicated that oxidative stress played a causal role in the fatigue process and identified antioxidant therapy as an intervention clinically.
Handan presented information on glutathione in response to exercise Training from the Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry vole 196, 1-2. He said that skeletal muscle GSH glutathione seems to be closely regulated by the condition of bodily action.
N-acetyl-L-cysteine NAC and alpha lipoid acid LA are just two antioxidant dietary supplements that have the ability to boost cellular GSH levels. He reported that both NAC and LA had beneficial effects in protecting against exercise induced oxidative stress.
There is nothing better than the best unpolluted offering in the nature. But unfortunately we ought to accept the fact that we live on an earth already full of toxic substances. Mind you, the furniture you use in your home produces the polluted air that you breathe.
We would go to this extent of living. Thus, let us not reside in an illusion insured world. Let us open our wisdom to understand this truth. We need organic food supplements provided that they do not bring any unwanted effects. It surely appears then that appropriate training programs.
Nutritional interventions are possible strategies to increase fatigue resistance and exercise performance. A well balanced diet of fruits and vegetables is certainly in order. Using enzymatic antioxidant supplements can be thought to encourage the training athlete since they work at the cellular level.